How to Read Music: The Grand Staff

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Piano music is usually written using something called The Grand Staff.

The Grand Staff is a set of concise and elegant symbols, a unique symbolic language, that communicates an incredible amount of information in a very economical way.


Such information includes…

  • What notes to play, when to play them, and how long to sustain them.
  • When not to play (rests)
  • Articulation for each note (legato, staccato, etc)
  • What key the piece is in, and any changes of key
  • Rhythm and meter
  • Melodic phrasing
  • Repeats
  • Dynamics (loud, soft, changes in loudness)
  • Fingering
  • Can you think of some others?

LEARN MORE… G-clef & F-clef


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